Though it spends all of its energy in football, our sport achieves a great majority of its achievements in branches other than football and most of these achievements come via sportswomen.
But still, the "reflection" of these achievements in the field, in other words, the response these achievements receive from the sporting press is not "reputable". Just like other women, who do not engage in sports and appear on these pages, sportswomen are also subjected to inappropriate behaviors or male violence, which is also the subject of these article series.
Let us go to the very beginning, to the period, when football had just started to thrive, and start from a caricature from the sporting press, which discusses whether women should play football or not. On May 28, 1929, on the Akşam daily newspaper, there was a caricature of a woman and a man football player, who engaged in the following dialogue:
Man: "If you will excuse me, missy, I would like to present a pass to you."
Woman: "Just a minute! First, I will put on my make-up, then, I can shoot the ball." 
Now, let me come to the 50s and quote from the "male violence" article by Tuğrul Eryılmaz: 
"These situations, which can be called harassment, of course, did not change at the Karşıyaka High School and Karşıyaka Erdem College, which I would go to later on. Though it did not change, its dosage increased to a great extent. There are nicknames given to the children who go around calmly and do not play football: "Girl Ahmet, Coquettish Mustafa..."
"Let me add something: Though I did not have the slightest interest in playing football and though no one made such a request, I somehow managed to become a goalkeeper just out of my fear of these nicknames or I just thought that I managed to be so."
Now, I am referring back to a story from the 90s:
One day, while I was preparing the sports pages of an important newspaper, the ones in the newsroom started talking about a photograph, where the players of Eczacıbaşı Women's Volleyball Team were having fun on a beach.
While the person who was working on the page was thinking aloud and said "What am I supposed to write for this photograph?", jokes ensued. After a while, the line was crossed and with the question, "What am I supposed to write? B*****s are sunbathing, or what?", this action was not left there just as a question and was reflected on the page.
The photograph, which managed to go through all processes of examination, was put into print with the note, "B*****s are sunbathing." They noticed it while the newspapers were being printed; however, some thousands of newspapers had already been printed and distributed like that.
The examples are unending. A news report from the year 1993. The introduction to the report was as follows: "The English are trying to cover the success achieved by Galatasaray in the football field with tricks played on the table. The executives of Manchester United, which was eliminated in the Champions League, have stated, "The Turkish police beat our football players" and applied to the UEFA with the demand that the match be played again."
But, why is the headline of the news "Sons of B*****s"?
In those years, the sports fans were messing with the wives of football players. The posters of players' wives were opened in the tribunes, the fans were cheering in a profane, abusive language and they were chanting slogans about the wives or daughters of football coaches.
We are now coming to the 2000s. Elvan Abeylegesse gained a success, which made everyone happy, in the field of athletics, where the achievements of Turkey were quite limited.
While the sportsperson, who broke the 5000-meter world record in the Golden League, was making a victory parade with a Turkish flag in her hand, an editor who was working for a newspaper, which was seemingly a sports newspaper due to the word sports in its name, but, was originally a football newspaper, passed this news to the editorial department of his newspsper and suggested that this news should make the headlines.
While the editorial department welcomed this idea in the beginning, they did not find this sportsperson, whom they came to know thanks to this news, "attractive" enough to bring high circulation numbers and decided to give a little coverage to the news, instead.
The situation in Turkey is like that; but, the situation in the world is not very pleasant, either.
A single example is an important indicator of how women are viewed in the sports field. The US Director Andy Sidaris is someone who added the expression of "Honey Shot" to the literature due to the angles that he chose while directing the broadcasts of sports competitions.  It means the following: In the broadcasts directed by Sidaris, attractive women and cheer leaders are offered to the audience in a close shot. This attitude introduced to the sports broadcasting in the 1970s is, of course, still valid today.
When we come to the present time, there are still sexist comments, but, thanks to the good aspect of social media, these comments can be met with a public reaction.
It is difficult to say that it is on the decrease.
The sporting press, which is one of the least reputable branches of press when it comes to certain issues, fills their pages with masculine, sexist expressions, which reflect the society in general, by showing the least of empathy and based on the idea that the vast majority of its audience is men.
And we are face to face with these questions: Then, why cannot such a horrible environment get its act together? Why cannot the sporting press, which is viewed as one of the most unbalanced branches of the press when it comes to the balance of women-men workers at newspapers, turn into a field where women workers can have a place? Why is the number of women, who work in the preparation of newspapers, in the press tribunes or work in the sports fields as photojournalists, on the decrease?
Let us refer to two articles, which are also a part of these "male violence" article series. When you put the two parts from the articles of Tanıl Bora and Bağış Erten side by side and read them together, the things fall into place.
Tanıl Bora: "According to a large number of evolutionary psychologists and anthropologists, tendency towards violence and aggression increases in communities which are composed of male subjects. During colonization of western America, homicides showed a decrease as women population grew.
"Being man to man may manifest itself as letting oneself go, being impulsive. Man to man conversation among teenagers tends to turn into a feast of recklessness." 
Bağış Erten: "Just think about the 'mob' which fills the tribunes today, always tends to use violence, gets in a mood for lynch when they come together and cannot speak without using foul language.
"They are the very part of this culture of becoming man. A mass which does not get in contact with women, socializes by doing sports, hangs out only with the ones resembling them and hates everything that is different. Those who cannot speak by themselves, but think that bullying with cheers is 'character'...
"Just add to them the adolescents, the grown-ups or the ones unable to do so, who cannot get out of childhood, attach a meaning to the adolescents inside them, think that football is their 'privacy' and define the tribunes as their legitimate area of machismo.
"Add to it the talk of 'manhood' that is repeatedly brought up in the conversation." 
Lastly, let me tell you about an argument which started on the sports page of Radikal newspaper on June 9, 2012 and ended in court on May 28, 2013.
Uğur Vardan, who was the Chief Editor of the Sports Department of Radikal newspaper at the time, wrote an article of criticism about a sports newspaper called AMK and asked in its title, "Did you really search for this name?": 
"Good luck with your new newspaper; today, a fresh step is being taken in the name of sporting press and a brand-new newspaper is meeting its readers. However, its name is an utter catastrophe: AMK. (English equivalent: FY) Its extended version is 'Open, Brave, Fearless.' It is, of course, a camouflage on paper, the real extended version is known by all, it is the 'Twitter' version of a swear word that is considered 'one of our national reflexes'. Turkey suffered and is still suffering a lot from the language of violence, the language of war and the expression of male-dominated perspective surrounding every aspect of life.
"Football, which is regarded as the direct reflection of life in some places -and which is also our favorite sport-, also has the same trouble. Tribunes, the actors of the play, executives and the press have been generally using one or, sometimes, all of these 'problematic languages'. This attitude, which is usually joint with nationalism, which is itself woven with fascism, finds its reflection in social life through the expression of the perspective that views woman only as a sex object. The things that I have mentioned so far are the ones that have already been known; as for the AMK, it is an expression of the attempt to reproduce and, almost, normalize, internalize this ideology."
Due to this article, the AMK newspaper wanted to file a lawsuit for damages of 20 thousand Turkish Lira; however, the court rejected the case.  In other words, the court found this criticism right.
And, when we finally come to 2018, the recent situation is as follows: Radikal newspaper, where Uğur Vardan was the Chief Editor of the Sports Department and I was one of his employees between the years 2009-2014 and where we did our best to avoid male violence -and where we were open to criticism, but, still made mistakes from time to time-, does not exist anymore.
As for the AMK newspaper, - if we could say it without overlooking the valuable efforts of its employees - it has been proceeding on its way with the name, with which it started its journey.
We will, of course, continue our struggle, but the conclusion that I have reached for now is the following: Turkey loves this language. (BK/ŞA/APA/SD)
Images: Kemal Gökhan Gürses
 Murat Toklucu: Futbol Kadını Bozar Mı? Socrates, Mart 2016
 Andy Sidaris: The Man Who Invented Sports Television’s Honey Shot
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