More than hundred people,
members of the Pir Sultan Abdal Culture Association (PSAKD) and the Alevi Bektashi
Federation (ABF), demanded removal of the mandatory religion courses in schools
by having a sit-in activity in Taksim Square of Istanbul. They called upon the
government to implement the decisions of the European Human Rights Court (EHRC)
and the State Council.
ABF President Ali Balkız,
who read the press release, said, “Mandatory religion courses are a human
rights violation. It is against the right to education and the freedom of
religion and conscience.”
Applying to the European
Balkız says that although
there are the decisions of the EHRC and the State Council and hundreds of cases
in the local courts, the government is still not taking any steps.
“Because of this, we had to
take this to the European Council’s (EC) Committee of the Ministers. This is a
committee that checks to see if the EHRC decisions are implemented or not. Both
the government and we are waiting to see what the decision of the committee
The announcement in the ABF
site says they can wait no more.
“This course, the official
name of which is ‘Religion Culture and Knowledge of Ethics’, is the product of
the September 12 Military Coup of 1980 and it prepared the way to the rule of
the Justice and Development Party (AKP). The AKP is the result of the conditions created
by this climate. The coup-makers should also be tried for this.”
The practical demands of
the Alevi organizations are:
- The curriculum for the
subject of ‘Religion Culture and Knowledge of Ethics’ should be rewritten, it
should be contemporary and scientific, it should include the topics of the History of Religions, the Sociology of
Religion and the Culture of Religion.
- Alevi belief should
definitely must be taught and the preparation of this section should be left to
the Alevi educators.
- At any rate, the course
should be an elective.
The activity will continue
Balkız says they will continue
their activity every Sunday until the first day of the schools, until their
demands are met.
Ali Abbas Coskun for the
Youth Commission Hubyar Sultan Alevi Culture Association and Ceyhun Günal for
the Illuminated Youth Assembly Initiative have made announcements supporting
the sit-in activities.
The ERHC had stated in its
November 2007 decision that the mandatory religion courses were a violation of
“the right of education.”
In Hasan Zengin
and his daughter Eylem’s application, the court had emphasized
that the content of these courses were based on Islam’s sunni
interpretation. Moreover, the court had claimed that keeping the non-muslim
students exempt from these classes was not enough for “the freedom of belief.”
Minister of Education (MEB)
Hüseyin Çelik had stated previously that this decision was
about the old curriculum. Since Alevi belief was included in the new
curriculum, according to the minister, this decision by the ERHC was inapplicable.